MOVIES: 1980’s

Within the era of the 1980’s, the store blockbuster increased in sales, and significantly increased their selection of films that contain nudity. Because of this, the US rating PG-13 was established for the films that were in-between PG and R. The specific movies that had naked people in it during the 80’s were: action, science fiction type movies, and horror.

 

Some of the top films within this era consisted of “Star Wars” movies, “E.T.”, “Batman”, “Ghostbusters”, and “Back to the Future.” These films cumulated millions of dollars and lead the top grossing films of the 1980’s.

 

Some stereotypes we see within this era or trends consist of thriller, fantasy, drama, westerns, comedies, teen comedies, and sequels. There are specifically popular movies today that were within the 80’s era like James Bond and the Terminator. We also see in this category of culture a popularity of teen movies, which introduced the idea of having movies be rated PG-13.

In comparison to some other eras, we find that most of the popular movies that were established within the 1980’s are still very much still classic’s that are “must see movies” today.

 

Through this time period we find that these movies are becoming more scandalized rather then the 1970’s films. Because of the increase in nudity and the increase in movie watching teens, people found it necessary to establish a rating (PG-13) that would hopefully avoid confrontation that viewers may have.

 

Looking at the increase of explicit conduct within movies we can make the assumption that teens were being introduced to sexually immoral things. This time during the movie era was especially significant because of the variety of different types of movies, and the rating PG-13 that is still in place today.

 

However, we can conclude that today’s version of PG-13 is very different then the rating back in the 80’s. Through examining 80’s culture, teens have started to be exposed to scandalized films which can corrupt their minds.

 

Today we see the harm of rated R movies to our teens today because we understand that what you put into your mind and body has to come out eventually. As ministers we are always going to have to deal with the competition of catching teens attention. On average the amount of minutes we have to interact with our kids is about 140 minutes while the world gets roughly 9,960 minutes during a week. As youth ministers we need to be able to delegate our time wisely and communicate towards our students the kind of harm and destruction that can happen as we watch certain movies that we are not suppose to engage with.t1-p-tm

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Fashion: 80’s Style

When you think about the 80’s you probably think of bright colors, sweatbands, side ponytails and Madonna, and these very things reflect the popular movement in the 1980’s fashion culture.

 

Although many people think of bright colors and work out clothes, the 1980’s clothing had a big emphasis on expensive clothing. Mainly pertaining to women, the appearance of dressing with the intent of looking wealthy was very popular. Some ways in which women would try to dress fancier was by wearing costume jewelry like pearls, and gold earrings, while covered in sequin clothing. As well as those who wanted to portray themselves as wealthy, the 1980’s went through a time where shoulder pads became popular because it showed power, especially for women in the work place. During this time, a lot of women’s clothing came with Velcro on the inside of their clothing so they could attach a shoulder pad whenever they felt they needed to do so. An interesting fact about the uprising on fashion in the 80’s is that the “punk” phase was developed because people felt to rebel from the 1960’s hippie look.

 

In the United States, especially in California the rise of the “Valley girl” phase was developed in this era. A typical “Valley girl” would own miniskirts, leg warmers, headbands, long jumpers, high heel shoes, and sweaters. Typically miniskirts were worn over leggings and compared to other clothing, miniskirts continued to be in fashion through women in business. These clothing items were popular at the time mainly because of the movie’s, and cheerleader’s influence upon the culture. In 1983 the movie “Valley Girl” played a huge role in this development of clothing choices. Through the 1980’s cheerleaders played a huge role in clothing because girls looked to them for their sense of fashion and or worth.

 

In regard to men’s wear, Miami Vice played a particular role in the use of colorful styles because of the popularity within the show that attracted emerging adults. The types of clothing that men started to wear because of this show consist of colorful t-shirts underneath expensive suits. As well with clothing, the grunge type look was popular because of one of the characters Don Johnson.

 

Dancewear was very popular within this age as well. Leotards were popular in the 1970’s and carried over into the 80’s because it added color. The layered look was popular even within dancewear. Women would put their hair in a side ponytail with a leotard, sweater and leg warmers. These types of clothing trends were influenced by the danced themed T.V. shows and movies that were popular during the 1980’s.

 

Through 1980’s fashion we see that the development of this clothing culture to be driven from the influences of movies and T.V. Most of the clothing that was popular in the 80’s had a reason behind it, whether that is for women to look more powerful, or because that was what the movie stars were wearing. No matter what age it is, the influence of fashion within culture we can see derives from the media and that everything that is put on is for a purpose. 1980s-disco-chick

1960s: Pop Art- Andy Warhol

By Jessica Vailencour

The 1960’s birthed many new concepts and styles in the cultural arts. Artists during this time chose to have many different styles that would bring out the current culture. Pop culture demanded colorful experiences which increased during the drug usage of the time period and when the hippie movement began to revolutionize ideas that broke previous culture’s preferences (Chappell, n.d.). Pop art became the main new trend that the youth demanded (Wolf, 2014). The pop art movement elevated popular culture on common objects and everyday living which gave media a successful hand in the market place and homes (Wolf, 2014). When colors and crazy art concepts were being experimented on, advertisement would be used to create a colorful aspect of products sold to consumers. Then screen printing became popular in advertising (artdaily.com, 2014). Artists like Andy Warhol brought advertisement in a style of abstract imagery to youth (Wolf, 2014).

Andy Warhol was the central figure of the American pop art movement. He became famous for his products that spoke of the common objects in the 1960s. Andy Warhol’s earliest works were the Coca-Cola bottles and Campbell’s Soup Cans in art gallery format (Wolf, 2014). He went from hand painting them to screen printing (wolf, 2014). Screen printing became very popular for youth in 1960s because it has an unbelievable chromatic energy that does not compare with normal acrylics or oil paintings (artdaily.com, 2014). Andy used his talents to bring out these common items to abstract colors and created a sensation for the world’s popular consumption of products (Warhol.org, 2013).

Warhol also made images of celebrities, both popular and with sad stories to them (Chappell, n.d.). For example, the Sixteen Jakies by Andy Warhol created to show the widow’s face to youth. Also the pictures of Marilyn Monroe in multiple colors became what youth wanted in the worldview in art (Chappell, n.d.).This brought him to become more famous as youth would want posters of their famous stars they admired (Moffat, 2007). His artworks would later be published in magazines illustrations, record albums, advertising campaigns, and comic books (Moffat, 2007). His views were widely accepted with emerging youth, where he sparked new art concepts, which became debatable to the older generations who appreciated artwork (Moffat, 2007).

Understanding that Andy was influential to the youth of the 1960s, we should observe that he changed their view of artwork and their culture. Since the older generations were debating his works and what he held in his views, it appears that teenagers of that time period would grasp his ideas and hang his artwork in their rooms to bring the commonality into their life. Andy once said “They always say time changes things, but you have to change them yourself (The Philosophy of Andy Warhol).” This could be why teenagers liked him, because he would vaguely state quotes that seemed to be in revolting against the past worldviews. Youth would be encouraged to not care in 1960s, yet change their world with art and new ideas.

References:

artdaily.com. (2014). Op and pop art: Experiments by american artists starting in the 1960s on view at staatsgalerie stuttgart. Retrieved from http://artdaily.com/news/61511/Op-and-Pop-Art–Experiments-by-American-artists-starting-in-the-1960s-on-view-at-Staatsgalerie-Stuttgart

Chappell, M. (n.d.). Art in the 1960s. Retrieved from http://www.artsconnected.org/collection/118487/art-in-the-1960s?print=true

Moffat, C. (2007, November). The prince of pop art. Retrieved from    http://www.arthistoryarchive.com/arthistory/popart/Andy-Warhol.html

warhol.org. (2013). andy warhol biography. Retrieved from http://www.warhol.org/collection/aboutandy/biography/

Wolf, J. (2014). Pop art. Retrieved from http://www.theartstory.org/movement-pop-art.htm

 

Music in the 1950s (Rock ‘n’ Roll)

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By: Brandyn Wikley

What is “pop culture”? “Pop culture is defined on dictionary.com as “cultural activities or commercial products reflecting, suited to, or aimed at the tastes of the general masses of people.” Pop culture in the 1950s hit the youth most hard in the area of “rock ‘n’ roll”. The youth during this time started to feel the need to rebel, they wanted freedom, “and they found an outlet for such feelings of restlessness in new and controversial styles of music and literature.”
Rock ‘n’ roll started “In 1951 at a record store in downtown Cleveland, Ohio, radio disc jockey Alan Freed noticed white teenagers buying African American rhythm and blues records and dancing to the music in the store. A week later, Freed won permission from his station manager to play the music on the air. Just as the disc jockey had suspected, the listeners went crazy for it. Soon, white artists began making music that stemmed from these African American rhythms and sounds, and a new form of music, rock ’n’ roll, had been born”
This new form of loud beats along with the new lyrics that talked about romance, cars, and other areas of life, made it perfect for dancing. Teen popularity grew rapidly and teens were rushing out to buy albums from artists such as “Buddy Holly, Chuck Berry, and Bill Haley and the Comets”. The 1950s is also when the first rock ’n’ roll hero appeared. The textbook writes “In 1956 teenagers found their first rock ’n’ roll hero in Elvis Presley” (pg.832).
Rock ‘n’ roll also started to form the first separation between adults, and teens. Adults who were used to listening to music such as “Frank Sinatra” found rock ‘n’ roll as “loud, mindless, and dangerous.” The term used for this separation between teens, and adults is known as “generation gap”. This time also stated a movement of artists who started to make music and poems that directly went against the culture of that time. They sought to live “unconventional lives as fugitives from a culture they despised”(824). Teens ate up this ideal of going against culture, and as a result, the separation from adults continued to grow.
It is alarming to see how far culture has come in just 65 years. What started as a new form of music has turned into a culture epidemic that has left adults behind. Students and kids are getting into things at a much younger age, and parents are losing control over their kids. This should be a warning for all church leaders because 2 Timothy 3 says that “3 But understand this, that in the last days difficult times will come. 2 For people will be lovers of themselves, lovers of money, boastful, arrogant, blasphemers, disobedient to parents, ungrateful, unholy, 3 unloving, irreconcilable, slanderers, without self-control, savage, opposed to what is good, 4 treacherous, reckless, conceited, loving pleasure rather than loving God. 5” . This sounds a lot like the culture today and it is our job go and spread the Gospel with as many people as possible.

Works Cited
dictionary.com. 2014. http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/popular+culture (accessed April 21, 2014).
Popular Culture of the 1950s. n.d. http://admin.bhbl.neric.org/~mmosall/ushistory/textbook/Chapter%2027%20Postwar%20America/ch%2027%20sect%203%20Pop%20Culture.pdf (accessed April 21, 2014).

 

1960’s: The Brady Bunch

The 1960’s was the beginning for one of the greatest eras American pop culture. Mass media had a particularly amazing rise in this decade from the beginnings of the Internet to color television and its growing prevalence allowed the rise of many popular shows. The Brady Bunch was one of those shows; it first aired in September of 1969 and instantly became popular. Though it never hit the top ten charts, it stood the test of time and remains as one of the most popular classic television shows.

A man named Sherwood Schwartz, the same man who gave us many laughs with his previous sitcom Gilligan’s Island, created the Brady bunch. The Brady Bunch is the story of a young family. A widowed mother named Carol with three blonde girls and a widower named Mike with three little boys marry and navigate through the suburban life as a blended family. Their children’s ages range from young grade school to early teen. With the political and social discord in the 1960’s the show generally avoided controversial topics and from the current culture’s perspective generally portrayed the family life as wholesome and focused on issues that arose within a family, like sibling rivalries and blended family issues.

Single parent homes and blended families were becoming more popular. Traditional family values were still very present during these times but shows like the Brady Bunch helped positively influence how these blended families were viewed. Blended families were more likely to come out of divorce but the parents in the Brady Bunch were both widowed and being widowed in this era was much more respectable then being divorced. I think that because being widowed was more respectable it allowed the viewers to feel safer when they watched the show; it allowed the viewers to root for the family. I believe that because of this, the influence for accepting a blended family became more widely embraced and drew less attention to the fact that a family was blended and more of a focus on rooting for a blended family.

It would be a mistake to overlook the hardships that come with a divided or broken home and it is important to look at this from a ministry perspective as well. If you have ever watched an episode of the Brady Bunch you know the extent of their family troubles, and it isn’t much. The Brady Bunch has it really easy in comparison to the speculative reality of most youth in this era. The truth is, blended families rarely get along and adapt so well to their new members. One of the goals of the show may have been to socialize children of blended families by portraying their circumstance as normal; however, it was most likely far from normal. After reading Roots book, Children of Divorce, I can see that this is the beginning of the loss of ontological identity for children. In ministry during this era, it would be important to get and stay connected with the body of Christ.

The Brady Bunch Family!

The Brady Bunch Family!

By Corey Acoba